Forest in Europe

The European forest area totals over 180 million hectares and includes deciduous forests (France, Germany, Hungary, Romania, etc.), softwood forests (Finland, Sweden, Estonia, Latvia, etc.), oceanic, continental and mountain climates, etc. Countries such as Germany, Austria, Finland and Sweden have a highly developed processing industry, while others that are less mature offer interesting opportunities to increase the value of land (not guaranteed), in a context of fairly homogeneous and international timber sale prices.

Key figures on the forest area in Europe

182
million d’hectares
43%
of the land area
15
main productive species

Europe offers numerous opportunities for building diversified forest assets

The price of forests in a large part of the target countries has risen substantially in recent years, by between 7% and 9% in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Romania. France Valley believes this growth will continue in these regions, where forest productivity, valued at local wood prices, is much higher than what is delivered in more mature countries, producing a catch-up effect. However, the other countries are also interesting: France, as well as Germany and Austria, have seen average annual increases in forest values of 2% to 4% for years.

 

Finland and Sweden, both key countries in the wood industry, help to consolidate the portfolio with safe bets that are largely protected by the climate of these regions. Lastly, all regions are affected by the structural increase in the price of wood, which is increasingly in demand, particularly in the field of
construction.

Choose and assess a forest

Species

Search for species with an outlet (beams, parquet flooring, furniture, construction, chipboard, firewood, etc.)

 

Implanted or implantable species adapted to soils and climate

Soil

Mineral richness, acidity, water retention or filtration, surface soil depth, prospectable depth, etc.

 

Filtering and acidic soils do not mean the impossibility of carrying out forestry there, but require the right choice of species.

Climates

Temperature history, length of summer periods

Rainfall history and monthly distribution

Local impact of global warming

Exposure of the forest depending on the slopes

Volume

It determines, with the nature and quality of the species, the value of the stock of standing timber. It determines, with the nature and quality of the species, the value of the stock of standing timber.

 

Its evaluation is systematic: inventory on sight, statistical inventory, sometimes by inventory foot by foot

Quality

The log height

 

His rectitude, his absence of gourmands…

 

The fineness of its grain, the absence of rolling, frostbite, foot defects, low conicity…

 

His health status

Maturity

Large-diameter wood : can generate income quickly

 

Medium wood : generates irregular intermediate income, is valued through natural growth

 

Petits Bois/plantations : forests without income, in which investments will sometimes be necessary

Access

Ease of access to the forest (for managers and operators)

Presence of processing sites

 

Internal access (network density, inclinations)

Logging and turning places for logging trucks

Land

One piece or division

 

Crossed by municipal paths, departmental roads, hiking trails

 

Fences, access barriers

Proximity to large towns (sale of firewood / hunting rental)

Subscribe to our newsletter

By registering, you will receive a monthly digest of our latest news and upcoming events.